·Chongqing or promote cooperation with Sichuan in the automotive industry


The reporter recently learned from the Sichuan Provincial Industrial Economic Development Promotion Association that Chongqing has proposed to strengthen cooperation with Sichuan and Chengdu-Chongqing urban agglomerations in the implementation of the “One Road, One Belt” strategy in the city, and has clearly defined that it will form in the automobile industry and Sichuan. A higher level of interaction.
Analysts said that since the establishment of the Chengdu-Chongqing Economic Zone in 2011, there has been little cooperation between the two sides in leading industries. If the cooperation in the automotive industry is implemented in substance, it will facilitate the deepening of cooperation between Chengdu and Chongqing.
The trend of automobile industry cooperation Although the officials of Chengdu and Chongqing have not announced the details of cooperation in the automobile industry, Yang Jirui, president of Chongqing Industrial and Commercial University, told the 21st Century Business Herald that cooperation between Chongqing and Chengdu in the automobile industry is the general trend.
Yang Jirui said that both Chengdu and Chongqing regard the automobile industry as an important part of industrial development, and they have invested heavily in becoming the center of the western automobile manufacturing industry. However, the phenomenon of the isomorphism of the automobile industry in Chengdu and Chongqing is more serious, resulting in a large number of only from themselves. The development of relevant industrial layouts required, resulting in repeated investment problems, reducing the overall economic benefits of the automobile manufacturing industry in the Chengdu-Chongqing Economic Zone.
Although both Chengdu and Chongqing have vigorously developed the automobile industry, in terms of industrial positioning, the development path of the automobile industry in the two places is not consistent. After Chengdu Municipality directly under the jurisdiction of Chengdu, it chose to introduce foreign brands including Volkswagen and Volvo to take high-end lines. The automobile industry in Chongqing is dominated by the local brand “Changan Automobile”.
In this regard, Yang Jirui believes that Chengdu is focusing on high-end and new energy vehicles, and Chongqing is a Pratt-type development path, which lays a good industrial foundation for the cooperation between the two and provides regional industrial integration. An important opportunity and development space.
In fact, both Chengdu and Chongqing are in the leading position in the west, regardless of industrial development or economic indicators. In 2013, Chengdu’s GDP reached 910.8 billion yuan, and Chongqing’s GDP in the same year reached 1,256.569 billion yuan. In the electronic information industry, Chengdu and Chongqing have also attracted industry giants including Lenovo and Dell.
Huo Weidong, dean of the School of Economics and Information Engineering of Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, told the 21st Century Business Herald that this shows that the competition between the two places has not brought negative effects for a long time. Based on the factors of industrial homogenization, both sides have accelerated their development. Strive for better opportunities for industrial settlement.
However, Huo Weidong also mentioned that in recent years, the understanding of Chengdu and Chongqing has changed. "From the perspective of development, the ideas of strengthening cooperation between the two sides will dominate."
In fact, although there is no major industrial cooperation between Chengdu and Chongqing, the secondary cities between Chengdu and Chongqing have begun to actively support the two places. For example, Neijiang City, Sichuan Province, put forward the concept of “the cooperation between Sichuan and Chongqing”, and established the “Zhejiang-Hebei Cooperation Demonstration Zone” in the Neijiang High-tech Zone.
In Guang'an City, Sichuan Province, in 2013, Guang'an introduced a total of 299 Chongqing projects, with a total of 28.084 billion yuan, accounting for 40% of the city's total investment. Chongqing has become the largest cooperation project between Guang'an and Sichuan Province, with the largest investment and in place. The area with the most funds. Chongqing also included Guang'an in the “one-hour economic circle”.
Yang Jirui, who can learn from the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei model, believes that the pursuit of local economic interests in both sides is a key issue in hindering cooperation between the two countries. Further, the lack of cross-regional coordination mechanisms is also a factor hindering cooperation between the two countries. .
“The specific implementation of the “Chengdu Economic Zone Regional Planning” is a systematic project, and its construction and improvement require the joint participation and efforts of the two places. However, the long-term administrative division management has made the symbiotic consciousness among the administrative regions weak. "He said.
Huo Weidong believes that Chengdu and Chongqing can learn from the development experience of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and establish a cooperation mechanism at the administrative level. This is because the status quo in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region is similar to that in the Chengdu-Chongqing region. Due to the unclear positioning of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region and the similarities in some industries, there are difficulties in the division of labor in the industrial chain.
In order to solve the development problems of the three places, the State Council established the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Collaborative Development Leading Group and the corresponding office in 2014 to coordinate the development of the three places.
“Like the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, the similar industrial structure between Chengdu and Chongqing is the realistic basis for establishing a win-win model,” Huo Weidong said. “Only when Chengdu and Chongqing jointly develop the industry, its spillover effect can better drive the entire Chengdu city. The development of the group."
"From the perspective of spatial symbiosis, the lack of cross-regional coordination mechanism shows that many industries and cities under the framework of Chengdu-Chongqing Economic Zone are at a low level of symbiosis. The radiation effect of Cheng's 'dual core' is not It has completely appeared and weakened the overall competitiveness of the exhibition industry in the two places," said Yang Jirui.
Further, Yang Jirui also believes that the development plan of industrial clusters in Chengdu-Chongqing should be compiled, the industrial structure and industrial layout should be planned in a unified way, and the symbiosis platform should be built on the basis of spatial symbiosis. Secondly, the provincial and municipal governments at both levels should strengthen coordination and formulate regional unification. Policies such as fiscal and taxation, finance, market entry and exit, industrial support, and intellectual property rights encourage enterprises to enter industrial clusters across regions.


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